Author: Sahara and Sahel Observatory
Published in: 2023
Theme: Climate change
LThe international community is increasingly concerned with the relationship between global migration flows and environmental disturbances, including the degradation of ecosystems and the effects of climate change. Indeed, this relationship has been proven and the links between these two phenomena have become a major political issue on a planetary scale. With a growing world population and deteriorating environmental conditions, the challenges related to migration are likely to increase in the years ahead of us. Strongly impacted by the effects of climate change, Africa is one of the areas most affected by environmental migration flows.
However, the impact of environmental disturbances on the mobility of the populations is not accurately assessed because of the coexistence of socio-economic, demographic and political difficulties and for the difference between environmental refugees and other refugees is yet to clarify.
This note is an attempt to explain this phenomenon in Africa, with a focus on North Africa and the Sahel, and provides recommendations and good practices, in order to lay the foundations for advocacy.